Jesuit China missions Kircher had an early interest in Chinatelling his superior in that he wished to become a missionary to that country. It was a work of encyclopedic breadth, combining material of unequal quality, from accurate cartography to mythical elements, such as a study of dragons. The work drew heavily on the reports of Jesuits working in China, in particular Michael Boym  and Martino Martini.
Table of Contents Context Leonardo da Vinci was born into a time and place extraordinarily supportive of his wondrous talent. The mids saw the flowering of the Renaissance in Italy, supported by the art-loving Medici family currently in power: People were coming to appreciate Greek and Roman art in new ways; and great advances in scientific instruments and mathematics led to an interest in perspective in painting.
Painters like Leonardo were interested in achieving a beauty on par with the ancients, and at the same time they were trying to surpass them in accuracy and realism.
During Leonardo's time artists still worked under the guild system: When Leonardo became an apprentice in Verrocchio's workshop, his experience was similar to that of an experience in any other trade, from tailoring to carpentry. Paintings were not the passionate expression of a single artist's mind.
They were collaborations, painted according to the specifications of a patron.
Paintings were the product of a studio, not of an artist. However, Leonardo helped to change the role of the artist: He made being an artist a profession, and not just a trade. Art was not the only aspect of culture that saw increased activity during the Italian Renaissance.
Politics also buzzed with energy, both negative and positive.
The Italian states were all independent, and were constantly involved in shifting alliances, allowing for little stability but much intrigue. Many of the Roman Catholic Church's most vile popes date from this period; Florence, where Leonardo lived, was the capital of the state of Tuscany, which was sometimes allied with the pope and sometimes not.
Milan, another city where Leonardo spent a great deal of time, was the capital of Lombardy, which was repeatedly invaded by the French.
As the various Italian states vied for power, so, too, did the Church.
As far as art is concerned, the Church funded a great deal of work, and there was a clear distinction between art that was "pious" and art that was "profane"; thus it dictated much of what art portrayed and didn't portray.
Leonardo often received commissions to do work for monks, and if his work did not meet the exact pedagogical specifications of the monks, he was asked to change it. The Inquisition, which was a program to seek out and execute non-believers, was initiated during Leonardo's lifetime.Context.
Leonardo da Vinci was born into a time and place extraordinarily supportive of his wondrous talent. The mids saw the flowering of the Renaissance in Italy, supported by the art-loving Medici family currently in power: People were coming to appreciate Greek and Roman art in new ways; and great advances in scientific instruments and mathematics led to an interest in perspective in.
Athanasius Kircher, S.J. (sometimes erroneously spelled Kirchner; Latin: Athanasius Kircherus, 2 May – 28 November ) was a German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of comparative religion, geology, and initiativeblog.comr has been compared to fellow Jesuit Roger Boscovich and to Leonardo da Vinci for his enormous range of.
The Mona Lisa is quite possibly the most well-known piece of painted artwork in the entire world.
It was painted by the Leonardo Da Vinci, the famous Italian artist, between and , and is a half body commission for a woman named Lisa Gherardini. Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, in Anchiano, near Vinci in the Republic of Florence, which is now Italy.
He died on May 2, in Cloux (now Clos-Luce) France. Leonardo da Vinci is believed to be the greatest genius that ever lived. Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store.
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Who Was Leonardo Da Vinci? While Leonardo da Vinci is best known as an artist, his work as a scientist and an inventor make him a true Renaissance man.