This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. These revolving offices, or cargos, become the unpaid responsibility of men who are active in civic life.
History[ edit ] The official name of the state is Chiapas. Chiapas painter Javier Vargas Ballinas designed the modern coat of arms.
Hunter gatherers began to occupy the central valley of the state around BCE, but little is known about them. The oldest archaeological remains in the seat are located at the Santa Elena Ranch in Ocozocoautla whose finds include tools and weapons made of stone and bone.
It also includes burials.
One of these people's ancient cities is now the archeological site of Chiapa de Corzoin which was found the oldest calendar known on a piece of ceramic with a date of 36 BCE. This is three hundred years before the Mayans developed their calendar.
The descendants of Mokaya are the Mixe-Zoque. Olmec-influenced sculpture can be found in Chiapas and products from the state including ambermagnetiteand ilmenite were exported to Olmec lands.
The Olmecs came to what is now the northwest of the state looking for amber with one of the main pieces of evidence for this called the Simojovel Ax.
Development of this culture was agricultural villages during the pre-Classic period with city building during the Classic as social stratification became more complex. In Chiapas, Mayan sites are concentrated along the state's borders with Tabasco and Guatemala, near Mayan sites in those entities.
Most of this area belongs to the Lacandon Jungle. Cities were centered on large political and ceremonial structures elaborately decorated with murals and inscriptions.
The Mayan civilization had extensive trade networks and large markets trading in goods such as animal skins, indigoambervanilla and quetzal feathers. From then until CEsocial organization of the region fragmented into much smaller units and social structure became much less complex.
There was some influence from the rising powers of central Mexico but two main indigenous groups emerged during this time, the Zoques and the various Mayan descendents. The Chiapans, for whom the state is named, migrated into the center of the state during this time and settled around Chiapa de Corzo, the old Mixe—Zoque stronghold.
However, they had enough influence so that the name of this area and of the state would come from Nahuatl. When the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, they found the indigenous peoples divided into Mayan and non-Mayan, with the latter dominated by the Zoques and Chiapa.
The Spanish colonial government then sent a new expedition under Diego de Mazariegos. Mazariegos had more success than his predecessor, but many indigenes preferred to commit suicide rather than submit to the Spanish.
One famous example of this is the Battle of Tepetchiawhere many jumped to their deaths in the Sumidero Canyon.
The conquistadors brought previously unknown diseases. This, as well as overwork on plantations, dramatically decreased the indigenous population.
He also advocated adapting the teaching of Christianity to indigenous language and culture. The encomienda system that had perpetrated much of the abuse of the indigenous peoples fell away by the end of the 16th century, and was replaced by haciendas.
However, the use and misuse of Indian labor remained a large part of Chiapas politics into modern times. One uprising against high tribute payments occurs in the Tzeltal communities in the Los Alto region in Soon, the Tzoltzils and Ch'ols joined the Tzeltales in rebellion, but within a year, the government was able to extinguish the rebellion.
Livestock such as cattle, horses and sheep were introduced as well. Regions would specialize in certain crops and animals depending on local conditions and for many of these regions, communication and travel were difficult. Intermixing of the races was prohibited by colonial law but by the end of the 17th century there was a significant mestizo population.
Added to this was a population of African slaves brought in by the Spanish in the middle of the 16th century due to the loss of native workforce.The Aviation Codes Web Site - ICAO ATC Callsigns, Callsigns, ICAO Callsigns.
The Highlander Maya Cargo cult The Highland Maya have an economic system called a cargo-system that encourages the re-investment of wealth back into the community. This system is made up of a number of levels of prestige.
) The Highland Maya: A Case Study in Economic Anthropology-- PBS (VC , pt. 10) ~ transcript -- Honolulu Community College, University of Hawaii This episode explores the complicated "cargo system" of the Mayan Indian populations of Southern Mexico and Northern Guatemala.
The Highland Maya have an economic system called a cargo-system that encourages the re-investment of wealth back into the community. This system is made up of a number of levels of prestige. Each level has a prescribed set of responsibilities and prestige tied to it.
The cargo system (also known as the civil-religious hierarchy, fiesta or mayordomía system) is a collection of secular and religious positions held by men or households in rural indigenous communities throughout central and southern Mexico and Central America.
Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for.