Al-Akhdam In Yemen there exists a hereditary caste, the African -descended Al-Akhdam who are kept as perennial manual workers. Estimates put their number at over 3. Caste system in Africa Various sociologists have reported caste systems in Africa. In other cases, such as the Nupe of Nigeria, the Beni Amer of East Africa, and the Tira of Sudan, the exclusionary principle has been driven by evolving social factors.
Asia India's caste system: Weakened, but still influential Despite laws that aim to create equality, the caste system in India continues to have a strong impact on society. DW explains how it evolved and what the situation in the country is now. India's caste system, which splits up Hindus into different societal groups according to their work and birth, is thought by researchers to go back some 3, years.
In the system, Hindus are divided up into four classes based on the principle of "varna," which literally means "color": There are also people who fall outside the system, including tribal people and the Dalits, previously known as "untouchables," although the term is somewhat contentious.
The concept of "jati," meaning "birth," also underlies the caste system and causes its differentiation into thousands of sub-groups based on lineage or kinship that are difficult to define.
In recent times, Dalits have been campaigning for their rights The system has led to the upper castes being privileged over the lower castes, which were often repressed by those higher up on the caste scale. For centuries, inter-caste marriage was forbidden, and in villages, castes mostly lived separately and did not share amenities such as wells.
Indian man hacked to death over inter-caste marriage Moving toward change The caste system was bolstered under the British Raj, which appointed only upper-caste Hindus to senior positions and administrative jobs. After India attained independence inthe country introduced laws to make discrimination against lower castes illegal and to improve their socioeconomic positions.
Quotas were introduced for college admissions and jobs. Low-caste Dalits face off in Indian presidential contest Inequalties under the system still exist in modern India despite these measures, which have even served to reinforce the divisions to some extent.
Violence based on caste has also erupted in recent times, much of it involving attacks on Dalits.
The caste system has also spilled over into other religions in India, with Christians, Muslims, Sikhs and Jains all employing similar forms of social stratification.However caste systems and the ensuing caste discrimination have spread into Christian, Buddhist, Muslim and Sikh communities.
Caste systems are also found in Africa, other parts of Asia, the Middle East, the Pacific and in Diaspora communities around the world.
Citizenship is a complicated idea with exclusion at its core. In Assam, which shares a border with Bangladesh and has faced illegal migration for decades, it is a particularly sensitive issue. Caste system and class consciousness was one such idealistic concept that had driven these ancient Indian communities to behave the way they did.
The gigantic awareness of belonging to a higher caste or higher religious order paved way for first ever establishment of Hindu religious community, divided into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and.
Each broad caste level is a hierarchical order that is based on notions of purity, non-purity and impurity. It uses the concepts of defilement to limit contacts between caste categories and to preserve the purity of the upper castes.
These caste categories have been exclusionary, endogamous and . One is to see them as casteless, or even as example of a ‘post-caste’ community, where the traditional caste identity is subsumed under the new Indo-Anglian identity. The concept of "jati," meaning "birth," also underlies the caste system and causes its differentiation into thousands of sub-groups based on lineage or kinship that are difficult to define.